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Guitar Lessons


About the Guitar

The guitar is a musical instrument classified as a string instrument with anywhere from 4 to 18 strings, usually having 6. The sound is projected acoustically. It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the right hand while fretting (or pressing against the frets) the strings with the fingers of the left hand. The guitar is traditionally constructed from wood and the strings are made with either gut, nylon or steel.

There are three main types of modern acoustic guitar:

  • The classical guitar (nylon-string guitar):
    The classical guitar (also known as concert guitar, classical acoustic, nylon-string guitar, or Spanish guitar) is the member of the guitar family used in classical music. It is an acoustical wooden guitar with strings made of nylon as opposed to the metal strings used in acoustic guitars.
  • The acoustic guitar (steel-string):
    The steel-string acoustic guitar is a modern form of guitar that descends from the classical guitar, but is strung with steel strings for a brighter, louder sound.
  • The Archtop guitar:
    An archtop guitar is a steel-stringed acoustic or semi-acoustic guitar with a full body and a distinctive arched top, whose sound is particularly popular with jazz players.

Typically, an archtop guitar has:

  • 6 strings
  • An arched top and back, not flat
  • Moveable adjustable bridge
  • F-holes similar to members of the violin family
  • Rear mounted tailpiece, stoptail bridge or Bigsby tremolo
  • 14th-fret neck join

The tone of a guitar is produced by the strings’ vibration, amplified by the body of the guitar, which acts as a resonating chamber.

The standard tuning for the guitar is E-A-D-G-B-E (low to high), although many players, particularly fingerpickers, use alternate tunings (scordatura), such as “open G” (D-G-D-G-B-D), “open D” (D-A-D-F♯-A-D), or “drop D” (D-A-D-G-B-E).

There are some basic differences between acoustic and electric guitars. Acoustic guitars make sound because of a sound hole and strumming the strings. Electric guitars have no sound hole and must be plugged into an amplifier to transmit sound.

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Frequently Asked Questions

In Finoon, there are typically 8 progressive levels for the guitar through which the student studies certain musical compositions with a special focus on technique and practice. The duration of each level depends upon the comprehensive capabilities of the student and their regular attendance to classes.

First, let’s establish that no magic can make you a player overnight, mastering any musical instrument takes time. The most important thing however is, the number of hours per week that you actually invest into practice. Practice strengths your muscle memory so that your body knows what to do without you even thinking. Make sure that you practice at least three hours a week, but it is recommended to practice for an hour (uninterrupted) daily.

In general there are no special requirements for guitar musicians, however, players with long and slim fingers have an advantage in this area.

Well, it’s advised to never skip your daily practice and do the necessary warm-up finger exercises and also practicing on scales. Here’s a set of exercises to help you:

  • Exercises that work on the strength of finger muscles: place your left hand’s 4 fingers on the fretboard in 4 adjacent frets on the same string then lift 2 non-adjacent fingers (such as your index finger and your ring finger) several times without moving the other 2 fingers (in this case example the middle finger and the pinky finger) then switch the fingers several times.
  • Exercises for speed on the fretboard: place your left hand’s 4 fingers of on the 6th string starting position one on the fretboard and then number your fingers like: ( index finger = 1, middle finger = 2, ring finger = 3, pinky finger = 4). Then play with your right hand on the string while switching your left hand’s fingers: 1 then 2 then 3 then 4; now do the following switches:

1-2-4-3, 1-3-2-4, 1-3-4-2, 1-4-2-3, 1-4-3-2

Try to do it fast with no mistakes

  • Repeat this exercise along with some rhythms
  • Scales practice: practice the scales that you studied and play them repeatedly several times in order to train your muscle memory and program your fingers to play smoothly.
  • Practice on rhythm and arpeggios: do some arpeggios and rhythms going up and down the scales

Use a Metronome when exercising to learn how to follow the rhythm without mistakes.

The duration of this routine is at least 30 minutes per day.

It is also preferable to practice on some songs for an hour daily and the more you practice, the faster you become at mastering the instrument.

The tools needed include: a footstool, a metronome and a tuner

Musical instruments are known to be very fragile, you should always handle them with gentle care, and that includes not subjecting them to heat, impact or direct sunlight. As for the guitar, it should regularly be cleaned using a clean dry cotton cloth dedicated specially to it. Replace the strings should they get torn or change color. It is preferable to change the full string kit instead of replacing just one string.

The guitar is suitable for all kinds of music since it can play harmony and melody (just like the piano) in addition to rhythmic chords also.

Yes, Finoon can buy the instrument on your behalf and this rids you of a lot of effort if you’ve just started your musical journey. Finoon can also sell instruments on your behalf, if you’re looking for an upgrade, or provide technical support and guidance for purchasing used and new instruments.

For the beginners who would want to try out the instrument, there are suitable brands in terms of the material used, design, and sound such as Locto, Espana, Ash, Fitness and some models of Yamaha and Cort

For intermediate level players: Ibanez, Cort, and Yamaha

For advanced level players: Paco Castillo, and Cordoba and it never stops here; there are lots of brands and manufacturers out there which you can choose from

There are many accessories out there to help you but to get you started, you may need a sheet music stand and a footstool.

Classical guitarists use their right-hand finger nails to play the guitar and the shape of the nails actually affects the nature of the sound produced by the strings. The left-hand finger nails, however, should be well-clipped regularly, for to play, you need the tips of your fingers directly over the strings. It’s recommended that you grow the index, middle and ring fingernails (of your right hand) until they extend slightly past the fingertips (just 2 – 3 millimeters) and let your thumb nail extend well past the fingertip (about half a centimeter). The 2 most common shapes for the right-hand nails are:

  • Sloped nails:

See, in the pictures below, the shape, length, string contact point, and string release point while playing

sloped-nails-back fingersnails-front
  •   Rounded nails:


It recommended as well not to let the nails grow too long so it won’t affect their cleanliness and strength and also not to harm the warmth and mellowness of the strings’ sound.

a sheet music stand and a footstool.

There are a bunch of tuner apps, which you can download over the Internet and a lot of them are fortunately free. These programs will use the microphone on your computer or mobile phone to listen to the sound of each string and indicate its current tone, and based on that you can increase the tension on the string or loosen it a bit to get the desired tone from each string but beware of straining the strings too much as they could get torn.

8 years and above should normally be good, and there is no maximum age as long as you can control you upper body. Some people start at a younger age than 8 if their musical talent allows it.